1 8 8

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  1. #1
    Jan 2006
    7,816

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  2. #2
    Jan 2006
    7,816


    .. .
    ... ... "" (Sputnik) 1957 ...
    (ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency) .
    1962 (Rand Corporation) - .
    .
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    ʡ (Packets) ... .
    1968 (ARPA) ((BBN (Switch) " " (Honeywell).
    1969 (ARPA NET) 4 ӡ ǡ ǡ . 50 / (kilobps) ....
    1972 (Ray Tomtison) (BBN) (ARPA) (DARPA: Deforse Advanced Agency). (NCP: Network Control Protocol) 23 50 / .
    1973 (Vint Cerf) - - (TCP/IP) .
    1974 (Vint Cerf) (Internet) (TCP). 1976 .....
    (Dr. Robort Metcalfe) - (Ethernet) (LAN: Local Area Networks) (SATNET).
    (TCP/IP) (ARPA NET) 111 . ɡ .
    ǡ 1979 (Steven Bellvin) (New Group).
    (IBM) (BITNET :Because Its Time Network) (TCP/IP) (Listserv).
    1981 (NSF: National Science Foundation ) (CS NET) (ARPA NET) 56 / (ARPA NET) 213 .
    (IP number) 1983 (DNS: Domain Name Server) (IP number) 562 .
    1984 .... (ARPA NET) (MIL NET) (ARPA NET) (NSF) (CS NET) (NSF NET) (IBM). 1500 / 25 . 1024 .
    1986 (IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force) .
    1988 (TI) 544.1 / 56 (TI).
    1990 (TI) (TS) 45 / (Type text) . 313 .
    1992 (WWW: World Wide Web) (Internet Society) ʡ ...
    1993 (Mosaic) (Netscape) ... Cyber World

  3. #3
    Jan 2006
    7,816

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  4. #4
    Jan 2006
    7,816

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    . (White Hat Hackers) (System And Network Administrators) .
    (Risk Assessment) .
    (Black Hat Hackers) .
    (FBI) 2002 36 .
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    (Denial Of Service Attack) (Dos) (Hardware) . . .


    .

    (Yahoo) 2000 (Router) .
    2000 2003 18 2002 65 2003.



    2)
    .
    (Free Web Hosting Services) .
    .
    (Domain Names) ( ) (First Come First Served) (ICANN) (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) .
    (Domain Hunters) .
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    .



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    .
    . .
    .
    (Trojan Horse) attack) (Leapfrog (IP Spoofing).
    (WS32.SOBIG) .


    1) :
    Yahoo (http://www.yahoo.com) .
    .
    . (BSA) Business Software Alliance 2003 13.1 2002 97 % 94% 89 %. 86 % 1994 52% 2002.
    . 1999 31 % Napster .
    (Chatting Rooms) . 2000 . FBI IP Address ɡ ϡ .
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    1994 400 .
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    .

    (The National Fraud Information Center (NFIC) 1992 .
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  5. #5
    Jan 2006
    7,816


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  6. #6
    Jan 2006
    7,816


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  7. #7
    Jan 2006
    7,816


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  8. #8
    Jan 2006
    7,816


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    : 0
    : 05-07-2010, 07:34 PM
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