/ :



. Ρ ɡ . .





ڡ ѡ . ɡ " " . ɡ ɡ .



. . ѡ ǡ " " "" . ɡ . ڡ ɡ . ѡ : . ѡ .



(1993: 1) : " ... .. ."



ǡ ǿ



. . ڡ ڡ ̡ . ϡ ɡ . ǡ ء ɡ (ǡ ɡ ) . " " ɡ ( ) . ʡ ϡ . . "" ǡ . ɡ ǡ . ڡ ȡ ǡ () . .



( ) " " . (1994: 2) . ޡ . ʡ ɡ ޡ ɡ ǡ .



. ɡ . ɡ . ʡ ֡ .



֡ . ɡ ǡ . . .[1] . ѡ .


Ͽ



. ѡ . ݡ . . ɡ . " " ǡ .[2]



ɡ . ɡ ϡ . ʡ .



" ". ɡ ǡ " " . ɡ ϡ . á " " ʡ ѡ . "" .



" " " ". ɡ ѡ ѡ ɡ ϡ .[3] " " ϡ .[4] " " ڡ ϡ ǡ ǡ .



ɡ ɡ ǡ ɡ . " " " " ǡ . ء . . " -" ǡ . ɡ " " . " ". ɡ .



ҡ . ѡ . ɡ ߡ . . ɡ ڡ . ߡ " " .[5] ǡ "" .



ɺ . ߡ ϗ . . ǡ . (1994: 2-4) ȡ ɡ ɡ . ߡ ϡ . .



ɡ ( ) . ϡ ǡ . ( .) ǡ . "" "" ʡ . ϡ . ( "" ) . ʡ ǡ . "" ǡ ɡ " " . ڡ . ɡ ǡ .



" " " " ӡ ǡ . ɡ ɡ ɡ ɡ . ߡ . "" . " " . ߡ .[6]







ɡ ( ) ޡ : (1994). . ɡ .



ɡ ǡ ɡ ա ʡ ʡ ʡ ( 1993: 5). ȡ . ɡ ɡ ( ). ɡ : .



. ɡ ɡ . ( ߡ " ") ɡ . ɡ ǡ ʗ .



"" ʡ . ɡ ȗ . ( ) ( ). ڡ . ޡ .



ڡ " " . "" " " " " " " " " " ". " " . ޡ .







ڡ . . ʡ . ɡ ɡ . "" . ߗ . (). . їǡ ɗ . ǡ " " . ɡ ( ) . ѡ ǡ ɡ .



. . ڡ ( ɡ ). ɡ . . . ɡ ߡ .



"" ڗ ѡ ɗ . ҡ ѡ ѡ ߡ . ɡ ҡ . . : ɡ .



:



1 ǡ " " .

2 ߡ ɡ ʡ : ɡ .

3 ߡ .

4 ڡ .

5 (1989: 279) " ". (1989: 277) " ". ɡ " " . ء " " "" ( " " ) . . .

6 . ɡ ڡ . .