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    World Trade Organization (English)
    Organisation mondiale du commerce ()
    Organización Mundial del Comercio (Ӂ)






    Current members of the WTO (in green)



    ڤ,

    153

    , , [1]



    182 ( 141 )

    625 [2]

    www.wto.int




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    ǡ . 152 . World Trade Organization



    1995. () . . 19 1998 . [3]
    . 6% .



    John Maynard Keynes and Harry Dexter White at the Bretton Woods Conference Both economists had been strong advocates of a liberal international trade environment, and recommended the establishment of three institutions: the IMF (fiscal and monetary issues), the World Bank (financial and structural issues), and the ITO (international economic cooperation).[4]


    ===-1994===
    , . . 1986 1994 .



    , . 1997 69 .
    95% .
    1998 .





    During the Doha Round, the US government blamed Brazil and India for being inflexible, and the EU for impeding agricultural imports.[5] President of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, responded to the criticisms arguing that progress will be only achieved if the richest countries (especially the US and EU) make deeper cuts in their agricultural subsidies, and open their markets further for agricultural goods.[6]





    2001. . .[7] . . [8]



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    (AoA)

    ()

    Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Agreement

    Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) AgreementMeasures

    SPS & Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

    Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT




    1. ^ General Information on Recruitment in the World Trade Organization, World Trade Organization
    2. ^ What is the WTO?, World Trade Organization
    3. ^
    4. ^ A.E. Eckes Jr., US Trade History, 73
      * A. Smithies, Reflections on the Work of Keynes, 578-601
      * N. Warren, Internet and Globalization, 193
    5. ^ B.S. Klapper, With a "Short Window"
    6. ^ Lula, Time to Get Serious about Agricultural Subsidies
    7. ^ Fergusson, Ian F. (2008-01-18). "World Trade Organization Negotiations: The Doha Development Agenda"., Congressional Research Service. Retrieved on 2008-07-26.
    8. ^
















































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