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  1. #1
    Jan 2006
    1,079

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    ˡ ɡ ѡ ӡ ӡ ɡ .

    ABSTRACT

    This study aims at aexamining the ****s of responsibility for committing an act by dioscussing the concept of rothirightly and obliquity in Islamic Law, which are aopted by the Jordanian Civil Law. The study verifies that in the case of forthrightly, responsibility to the contrary relies on the assumed trespass, but the guard ois allowed to prove to the opposite. To the contrary, the victim bears a duty of proof in the case of obliquity. In the French Civil Law, responsibility relies on the assumed fault, which is not allowed to prove to the opposite.





    ѡ . ɡ .

    ޡ .

    ʡ ɡ .
    ɡ ӡ ѡ ֡ ǡ ѡ ߡ ѡ ѡ . " " " " .
    ϡ ߡ . .
    ǡ ( ) ǡ .




    ѡ ѡ ɡ á ӡ .

    :

    ǡ á ɡ ӡ " "(1) : " ɡ ѡ ɡ "(2). : " ǡ ɡ ɡ "(3).
    ϡ " ɡ ӡ ֡ "(4).

    :

    á . ֡ " () ֡ ɡ ˡ " " "" ... ɡ "(5) " .... ǡ "(6) " ǡ ɡ ϡ "(7).
    " "(8). ɡ 1898 1985 " ʡ "(9). 8 1996. .

    :

    " á ɡ ɡ ޡ "(10) " ɡ ѡ ɡ .... ơ "(11) ѡ ɡ ǡ ɡ " ɡ ( ) "(12).
    " á ɡ "(13).




    ( ) ȡ .

    : " ݡ ޡ : : "(14) (887) : " ". " : " "(15) : " "(16) (888) : " ". ѡ ɡ ȡ ʡ ѡ ѡ ѡ () ߡ ɡ : " "(17) ɡ (92) " ϡ (93) " ". (257/1) " " : " " : " "" "" ϡ ѡ ɡ () "(18).
    : " ȡ ɡ "(19).
    ɡ " ݡ (20) ߿ ɡ " "(21). ( ) ߿ ɡ ѡ ߡ ڡ " ѡ "(22). ɡ ǡ : (918) : " ɡ " " " (919) " ޡ " ( ) (920) ǡ " ڡ " ( ) " " (923) ( " ɡ ɡ " . " " (23) (61) " " (292) :" " " ǡ ǡ "(24) (261) ( ) (262) ( ) (263) . ߿ .
    " ɡ .......... : ( ǡ ) ڡ ϡ "(25). ȡ .
    . : " " ɡ ȡ ϡ .
    (925) " " (258) " " ѡ " ϡ ӡ ɡ ѡ ա "(26) ݡ ɡ ǡ (27) ѡ ݡ ѡ ( ) . ǡ (28). (258) ϡ .
    " ȡ ɡ ѡ ȡ ɡ ȡ ѡ "(29).
    : " ѡ "(30) " ........ "(31).
    ȡ (981) :
    1. .
    2. ǡ .
    ( ѡ ) (32). (257) (258 .

    .

    ڡ ߡ ( ) ء (256) : " " "" ء " "(33) ѡ (34) :
    : ȡ ѡ ѡ ɡ .


    : ɡ .
    (35). :



    :

    ( ) ѡ " ɡ ɡ " ɡ "(36) ߿ ɡ ߡ ѡ " "(37) ( ɡ.......) ߿ ɡ ɡ ( ) ѡ () ( ) ɡ ǡ .

    :

    ɡ ѡ ɡ : ѡ ǿ ݡ (38). ߿ ǡ ( ) ǡ ѡ (......... ) ɿ ͡ " " ȡ () ɡ ޡ ݡ ݡ "(39).
    ߡ ȡ ʡ ( ) ǡ ( ) ǡ . .
    ȡ ѡ ʡ .






    (289) (290) (291) :

    :

    ( ) ޡ ǡ (40) (936*) : " " ( ) : " ......... "(41) (934) : " " (935) " ".
    ӡ (42) ɡ ӡ (43). ӡ (44) ȡ ء . (289) " ѡ ǡ ߡ " " "" "" "" ""(45) ( ) ʡ ʡ (257) ʡ : - ȡ - ". (289) ǡ (289) :
    289/ : ѡ . 289/ : .
    " " (289) ǡ .

    : ( ) :
    " ( ) ( ) "(46) ء ߡ (47) (290 ) " " ( ) ӡ ѡ . ϡ ϡ (290) :
    290/: ߡ .
    290/ : .

    : ɡ :
    ɡ ǡ ɡ ɡ ѡ : " ȡ "(48).
    (936) ɡ " ѡ " ǡ " . "(49).
    ǡ ѡ ǡ ȡ ֡ ɡ ɡ ӡ ɡ ǡ : ʡ ɡ " "(50) (51) ء " () ӡ .
    ( ) ( ( ) ɡ (52) ѡ ɡ ǡ (291) ( ) (291) : " ǡ ѡ . " ( ) ӡ ӡ (53) (291) ӡ ѡ ѡ ϡ . : " ʡ "(54). (...... ....) (291) ɡ : " "(54) "... ..." ѡ : ѡ "(56) (291) ( : ) ӡ ( ) (57) ( ). ɡ (58). ϡ (61) ". ɡ ( ) ϡ ɡ ( ) .


    ɡ ȡ ɡ ȡ ȡ ӡ ɡ " " ӡ ɡ ʡ .
    ɡ . . ա ȡ .
    :


    : (982) :
    289/ : ѡ .
    289/: .

    : (290/1) :
    290/1/ : .
    290/1/ : .

    : (192) :
    .

    : (852) :
    ȡ .





    1. . ( ) 1098 1968.
    2. ޡ 1099 .
    3. 25/4/1978 9/2/1978 . ֡ 249 ݡ ɡ 1 1990.
    4. . ȡ 383-384 ʡ ʡ 1 1980 .
    5. . ʡ 290-291 ɡ 1 1945 .
    6. . ӡ ( ) 119-121 1 1983 . 1897.
    7. . ʡ ޡ 291.
    8. . ѡ ( ) 185 ɡ ޡ 1978.
    9. . ޡ 125.
    10. . ޡ 126-127 .
    11. . ȡ ޡ 392-393.
    12. . ӡ ޡ 127.
    13. . ʡ ޡ 291 . ޡ 1098-1099.
    14. . 28 ѡ ޡ 1 1970 " " ޡ ڡ 27 1344.
    15. . ͡ 114 ʡ 1 1993.
    16. ޡ 4 27 ȡ 1344.
    17. ޡ ޡ 8 99 ɡ .
    18. 281 2 1987.
    19. ޡ 282.
    20. . ̡ ޡ 115.
    21. 185 ɡ ɡ 1 1308 .
    22. .
    23. (3) " ".
    24. 327-328 .
    25. . ̡ ޡ 103 ʡ 164-165 ޡ 198-199.
    26. ʡ 148.
    27. . ̡ ޡ 173 .
    28. . ޡ 191 .
    29. 1 283.
    30. ޡ 283.
    31. ޡ 284.
    32. . 1987 177 . ̡ ޡ 165.
    33. . ̡ ޡ 242.
    34. . ޡ 198.
    35. . 205.
    36. : 2 353 ɡ 1378.
    37. ȡ 2 342 1377ܡ " " .
    38. ʡ ޡ 160 930 939 .
    39. ء 27 2 ɡ .
    40. 7 138 ɡ ʡ 1975 .
    41. ޡ 27 2.
    42. ϡ ѡ 3 661 . ѡ 191 ɡ 1964.
    43. ޡ 192.
    44. ( ) 4 204.
    45. 1 320.
    46. ڡ 404.
    47. ޡ 4 403 182.
    48. ( ) 7 138.
    49. . ̡ ޡ 467 . "" "" "" .
    50. ϡ ( ) 2 174 1977.
    51. ( ) 4 11.
    52. . ̡ ޡ 91-92.
    53. 636/86 1989 248.
    54. . ޡ 223.
    55. 326.
    56. ޡ 325.
    57. ޡ 251-252 . ǡ ҡ 231 ȡ ϡ 1 1974.
    58. . ѡ 234 ڡ 1 1996 .



    :
    1. . ʡ ɡ ɡ 1 1945 ȡ ѡ 1945.
    2. . ӡ ( ) 5 1988.
    3. . : ѡ ɡ 1964.
    4. . ȡ ʡ ʡ 1 1980.
    5. . ( ) .
    6. . ѡ ڡ 1 1996.
    7. ǡ ҡ ȡ ϡ 1 1974.
    8. . ֡ ݡ ɡ 1 1990 .
    9. . ѡ ( ) ɡ 1978.
    10. ޡ 2 1987.


    :
    1. : : ɡ 1378.
    2. ϡ ϡ ϡ ɡ ʡ 1977.
    3. ޡ ( ) ɡ ʡ .
    4. ޡ ͡ ڡ ѡ 1 1979.
    5. ɡ ɡ 1 1308.
    6. ء ɡ ʡ .
    7. ɡ ʡ 1975.
    8. ѡ ѡ ʡ 1973.
    9. ޡ 4 ȡ 1344.
    10. ȡ ̡ ɡ 1377.
    11. ɡ ɡ ɡ 1 1300.
    12. . : ѡ ޡ 1 1970.
    13. . ̡ ɡ ʡ 1 1993.
    14. .

    :

    1. .
    2. . ʡ 1987.[/align]

  2. #2
    Nov 2007
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