المساعد الشخصي الرقمي

مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : Islamic Law



د/سالي جمعة
19-05-2010, 06:14 PM
Islamic Law

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Shariah mainly is ****d on the versus of the Holy Quran and the
teachings and practices of the Prophet Mohammed (the Sunna). The consensus of opinions and interpretations of religious scholars is considered a secondary source of Shariah.
In the Area where the majority of the population is Muslim, there is a notable trend for the applications of Shariah. While most of the laws are ****d on Shariah, specific areas of laws are now increasing adopting important aspects of Shariah which will be indicated below where GLS has advised and assisted clients.


1. Islamic Banking
Except for Saudi Arabia, the banking laws and practices of countries of the Area are generally ****d on western banking systems. A notable trend for the application of banking ****d on Shariah (called Islamic Banking) started in the Area in recent years. Islamic Banking could, in theory, be fairly straight forward. In accordance with Shariah Muslims can trade and invest in anything that is accepted (called halal) and not prohibited (haram). Prohibited matters broadly include things that are illegal or immoral such as gambling, prostitution, pornography, alcohol, drugs and similar other matters. The main difficulty arises in the classification of interest charged on funds in Shariah. While some Islamic jurists and scholars consider all types of interest as usury which is prohibited in Shariah, others consider simple interest acceptable and only compounded interest to be prohibited. Although the argument on interest continues, Islamic banking is expanding in the Area where banks and investment funds ****d on Shariah banking are being established.
For more information see Extracts from the book "UAE Company Law"


2. Inheritance
Shariah provides specific rules of inheritance that are applied to Muslims. Generally these rules are ****d on the principle of providing specific allocation/shares of the estate of the deceased to certain types of his relatives such spouse or parents and the distribution of the remainder to other heirs such as offsprings, brothers/sisters and uncles/aunts. Shariah rules of inheritance are applied in the countries in the Area. They might also apply to the assets of a deceased Moslem person in a western jurisdiction or a Moslem resident in such a country.


3. Wills
Wills might form part of the probate of the estate of a deceased Moslem. Shariah inheritance rules regulate wills by providing that a will can only be applied and valid to a certain portion of the total estate and to specific persons.

الدكتور عادل عـامر
19-05-2010, 09:02 PM
• Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/837455

Islamic Law in Contemporary States, by Joseph Schacht © 1959 American Society of Comparative Law.
Abstract
The burgeoning westernization of economic life, political administration, and technology in the Near East has disrupted national legal systems which have never been fully secularized. Professor Bonderman finds several patterns of response to the ...
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