1. (1)

( ) ( ) :-

(2):- 9/9/1886 . ( . 1971 ( ) - ( 1 ) .

:- " ( ) ( ) " (3) .
23/3/1883 1971 - - 14 3 4 3 2 ( 1 )
( ) ( ) 1967 World Intellectual Property Organization ( - WIPO) 17/12/1974 1976 . 1995 (WTO- World Trade Organization) ( 15/4/1994) () ( - 1) .

( 1)
-





(( )) 1- 1967 .
2- 1994 1/1/1995 . 1883 1971 . ( ) 1886 1971 ( )
- 1971 IPC - 1952 1971 ( )
1977 - - 1989
- 1970 - PCT - 1979 .
- 1989 - 1989 - .
1996
- - 1957 . - 1961
- - 1973 . - - 1970
- 1994 - 1974
- - - 1925 1975 ( ) 1996
- - 1968
- 1999 .
1891 - 1967 -
- - 1958
UPOV - - 1961
- - 1981
2 15 10

2. :-

1995 - 1883 1886 ( ) . ( ) .
ʡ . - - 20 50 . . 11 1995.
.
.
( ( 10) ) .
(4) . ( ) 1996 .

..................