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الموضوع: Intellectual Property Rights

  1. #1
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Nov 2010
    الدولة
    الاردن
    المشاركات
    10

    Intellectual Property Rights

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
    Prepared by
    Mahmoud Ahmad Al-krisat
    Master of privet law
    Attorney at law
    Intellectual Property Rights
    As a part of the intellectual property, in its wide concept
    which comprises computer programmes and the literacy
    compilations, the author's right has suffered from the
    jurisprudential contention about identifying the law that should
    be applied.
    This problem was solved locally in every country
    according to the national legislation which results in a general
    base on the issue. (1)
    2- What is meant by the intellectual property '? (2)
    It expresses all of the industrial, technical and literary
    rights. There was a several argument about the nature of these
    rights. Some jurists said that these rights are different from the
    legal nature of the property. There is another theory on the issue
    which is the theory of 'personal rights'. The third theory is based
    in the fact that this right has two aspects. The first one is
    spiritual while the other is tangible (physical).
    As a result, there must be special rules to protect it and
    some countries really found the suitable rules to do so.
    In addition to the local rules (laws) international conventions
    have been decided to regulate this right and to protect it as it
    was issued in one of the countries which signed the convention.
    Because of the wide usage of these rights, there are rules
    in the countries that signed the conventions so that the same
    solutions can be applied on the industrial and literary rights, and
    any contradictions in the laws of the countries can be avoided.
    The intellectual property is the author's right only as it
    comes as a result of his own mind and effort whatever its form
    is. It is called as 'The description of mental rights'. (3)
    1
    ) عامر الكسواني :القانون الواجب التطبيق على حق المؤلف، مجلة نقابة المحامين، الملحق ( 21 )، أيلول )
    .
    2005 .ص 50
    2
    ) د. حسن الهداوي، و د. غالب الداودي، القانون الدولي الخاص، القسم الثاني، ط 1، بغد اد. )

    ،
    141 ، و د. رمضان أبو السعود الوسيط في شرح مقدمة القانون المدني، الد ار الجامعية، 1983 - ص 139
    .
    ص 529
    .571 - 3)
    د. رمضان أبو السعود، المرجع السابق، ص 570 )

    (1-2) The author's rights qualities:
    1. Absolute rights (which means that no one has the right
    to deal with them).
    2. Cannot be valued.
    3. Cannot be endorsed to the others.
    4. Cannot be influenced or affected by the laws. (Related
    to human nature).
    5. Cannot be inheritable, only in the cases of protecting
    the author's right.(4)
    (2)The applicable law on the author's right.
    (2-1)- Basic rule:
    With regard to this rule, jurisprudence considers the law of
    'the place of origin' the one that should be applied as it is the law
    of the country where the first compilations were published.
    The publication gives the author the right while the other
    legislation is based on submitting the author to the law where
    the first compilations were issued.
    Bern convention for the literary compilation protection
    takes this opinion; the author's right is submitted to the law of
    the country where the first compilation was published.
    With taking into consideration applying this theory
    without having difficulties particularly wherever the compilation
    ha not been published yet.
    Wherever the compilation was published in different
    countries at the same time.
    The legislation tends to apply the law of the country where
    the author resides (lives) as the compilation is the result of his
    own thought, which means that these things are related to the
    character of the author so the best law that should be applied is
    the law of the author's nationality.
    .
    533 - 4) د. رمضان أبو السعود، المرجع السابق، 530 )

    (Bern) convention for the protection of the compilations
    takes this law into consideration.
    Some difficulties may arise, such as publishing the
    compilation in different countries and at the same time, but this
    problem can be solved by applying the law mentioned before.(5)
    (2-2) The attitude of the Jordanian law toward the law that
    should be applied on the author's right.
    The Jordanian legislation has recognized the importance of
    protecting the author's right and so he formed the suitable law
    based on a legal base in which all the compilations of the
    Jordanian authors are protected by the law. Moreover, all the
    compilations of the foreign authors are protected except those
    which are published aboard for the first time. (6)
    The publications and the compilations of the foreign
    authors which are published for the first time in a foreign
    country are not protected by this law unless they are protected in
    this country on the condition of comprising the Jordanians and
    their compilations and protecting them by the law of the foreign
    country.
    Article 53 of the Jordanian law covers the rights of the
    Jordanian authors and the foreign ones included in paragraph 3
    article 3 within the kingdom and outside it.
    Jordan joined a number of international conventions to
    protect the author's rights, but in case of having the possibility of
    not applying the law in Jordan, the principle which is followed
    is the reciprocity. All the citizens of the countries which are
    members in the international conventions are included in the
    Jordanian law.
    54
    ، د. هشام علي صادق، تناز ع القوانين، منش أة 5) د . عامر الكسواني، المرجع السابق، ص 50 )
    .
    142 - 815 ، د. حسن الهداوي، المرجع السابق، ص 141 - المعارف، 1997 ، ص 813
    .
    6) د عامر الكسواني، المرجع السابق، ص 54 )

    In conclusion, Bern's convention did not take any
    particular opinion with regard to the law that should be applied
    on the author's right as it appeared in the first place supporting
    to the law but later the situation became different as it adopted
    the opinion which says that the law of the country which
    requires the protection should be applied.
    The reason for this change according to some legislation
    was that the concept of the convention was changed, in other
    words, the law can be changed according to the adoption of the
    author's right. So two directions (opinions) appeared.
    The first one is that the author's right is a personal one
    while the other considers it as monopoly. But the convention,
    according to the articles of the law in 1886, took the first one
    into consideration.
    This opinion (direction) was changed in Berlin's
    convention, 1900 which considered the second opinion the
    author's right is monopoly, which restricts the thought freedom
    and restricts the industrial property too, and it is relates to the
    civil security issues which will submit it to its legislative
    authority (power).(7)
    66- 7)
    د. عامر الكسواني ، المرجع السابق، ص 60 )

    3- The decided protection for the author's right.
    The author's right as always under the control of the
    country's law in which the first compilations were issued, and in
    case the compilations are not published, the law which must be
    applied is the author's law is the nationality law. (Article 30)
    which decided to protect the author's right for 30 years and after
    that it becomes as a part of the national heritage. (UNESCO
    convention 1972). (8)
    - Extract:
    The author's mental rights are related to the results not the
    ideas, so there were different opinions about the nature of these
    rights.
    .
    8) د. ممدوح عبد الكريم، القانون الدولي الخاص- تنازع القوانين، دار الثقافة، 2005 )
    .
    ص 157
    References:
    1
    ) عامر الكسواني :القانون الواجب التطبيق على حق المؤلف، مجلة نقابة المحامين، )
    .
    الملحق( 21 )، أيلول 2005
    2
    ) د. حسن الهداوي، ود. غالب الداودي، القانون الدولي الخاص، القسم الثاني، ط 1، بغداد. )
    .
    3) د. رمضان أبو السعود الوسيط في شرح مقدمة القانون المدني، الدار الجامعية، 1983 )

    .
    4) د. هشام علي صادق، تنازع القوانين، منشأة المعارف، 1997 )

    .
    5) د. ممدوح عبد الكريم، القانون الدولي الخاص- تنازع القوانين، دار الثقافة، 2005 )

  2. #2
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2010
    المشاركات
    53
    شــكرـرا ..جزاكم الله خيـرـرا

  3. #3
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2010
    المشاركات
    53
    شــكرـرا ...جزاكم الله خيـرـرا

  4. #4
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Jul 2010
    المشاركات
    53
    شــكرـرا .....جزاكم الله خيـرـرا

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