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[5] ѡ ޡ 56 16 74 20 ɡ 2002 ˡ ˡ 21 ˡ ڡ 57.

[6] ѡ ޡ ˡ ˡ 21-25.

[7] ѡ ޡ ˡ ˡ 22 88 2003 ϡ ޡ 74 20 135 33-34.

[8] C. Ivan, Johnsin , W. Wlliam Roberts, Money and Banking, The Drayden Press, New York, 1989, P. 117.

[9] ѡ . ߡ ɡ 1998 68 . ɡ ݡ ɡ 1994 34 . ɡ ɡ ɡ 1982 251.

[10] P. Horvitz, Monetary Policy and the Financial System, N.J., Prentice-Hall, 1979, P. 173, M. Welshans, R.Melicher, Finance, Introduction to Markets, Institutions and Management, (6th ed.,) OH., South-Western Pub., 1984, P. 70.

[11] S. Weiner, The Changing Role of Reserve Requirments in Monetary Policy, Economics Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 11 (4th Qarter 1992), P. 43.

[12] P. Jessup, Modern Bank Management, Minn., West Pub., 1980, P. 128.

[13] ѡ . ɡ ޡ 34.

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[16] M.umar. Chapra, The Economic System of Islam, Islamic Cultural Center, 1970, PP. 195 221.

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[18] ѡ ˡ ɡ 1987 7 254-255 ɡ ˡ ɡ ѡ 3 573 ޡ ɡ ʡ ѡ 2 754.

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[22] ѡ . ɡ 2005 69-72.

[23] ѡ ɡ ɡ http://www.amanjordan.org/c2egypt.htm

[24] ѡ ɡ ޡ ˡ 13-19.

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